Baden, like Bath, has a Hall of anti- quities enriched by the relics of Koman temples, and of palaces that once encircled its healing waters. This may be seen in Boat-stall lane, leading to the Abattoir, with a brick-built fac-simile of the old crenelled wall, forming the basement story of a row of buildings. The recovery of a long-lost colossal head, of Bath stone, buried near the capital just spoken of, after occasioning controversy as to its true claim to a place in history, that is, whether it represented Julia F. This was a custom of ancient en- actment, which is too much neglected by the most civilized nations of the present age. Both princes and people in every age in Euro- pean history, have shown a partiality for the enjoy- ment and benefit of bathing in tepid mineral waters. His conquests were divided by his three sons, into so many distinct govern- ments; Locrin taking England, Albanact Scotland, while Wales fell to Camber’s share. Many votive rings were formerly fixed in the walls of this bath, but none now remain, owing to alterations, and re-edification, made in , under the direction of Thomas Baldwin, city architect. Scarth derives ” Wansdyke” from ” Gwahanu” to separate.
Holds of less magnitude and security were constructed at Worle Hill, Maes-Knoll, and Sulis- bury, for less important purposes ; but, the precise site of Bath, whether unsuited for a military post, whether its being, as it certainly was, outside the Wansdyke, or, possibly, because the virtues of its thermal springs were then known and appreciated, obtained for itself a happy neutrality. Captain Henry Chapman, Mayor of Bath in , caused a tablet to be inserted in the west wall of this Bath, the inscrip- tion on which set forth, that these waters were free to the public, by the bounty of God and char- ter of the king. A bronze head, of the Minerva, found in Stall Street, at the corner of Bell Tree Lane, and described in the proceedings of the Somerset Archseolog icalSociety for ; and a Medallion, bearing a bas relief of a female head, with an inscription around it. The palace of the Duumviri, or local magistrates, the granaries, and prison, appear to have been on the opposite side of the city, and of these, as well as of sumptuous private buildings, remains have been occasionally found, each bearing testimony to the taste, and high degree of refinement then pre- vailing amongst the Romans and Romano-British people of Bath. In this case, the dedication of Caer-Badun fountains to Athenae, Pallas, Minerva, or rather, to a British term, of equal significance, would have been an expected result. Milsom Street, and a net-work of minor avenues occupy the suburban area in the sheltered vicinity of the north-gate. The birth, growth, and attainment of Bath to its present splendid state of civic maturity, are wholly due to the enterprise and professional skill of Wood.
Great men are produced by collision ; great talents developed by rivalry ; the spark might have lain hid for ever in the recesses of the flint, if excitement had not bathhroom its mastr ; had not Hannibal conquered, there would have been no Scipio Africanus ; and the subjugation of con- tinental Europe, by Napoleon the Great, gave occa- sion for the display of that transcendent military genius, that had been bestowed, by Providence, on our Wellington. The master’s assent was followed by his accompanying his old servant, with whom he now changed places, to the king’s court, to wit- ness the general joy, and receive the just reward of the kind treatment he had shown to the royal exile.
The recovery of a long-lost colossal head, of Bath stone, buried near the capital just spoken of, after occasioning controversy as to its true claim to a place in history, that is, whether it represented Julia F.
In the yearthis navigation was ssries more com- pletely established, by the energy of Mr. Queen- square was laid out, and built, soon after. But virtue decayed as wealth in- creased, and these restraints were ultimately vio- lated. Such, in all probability, was the form bathtoom the Koman mural defences, when Bath was first enclosed by them, not as a military station, but as the calm retreat of luxury or infirmity, or both. Its section presents, first, ponderous flat stones, for the foundation ; then, eighteen inches of earth and rubble ; and, above this, a course of small stones, with large fixed stones upon the surface.
Holds of less magnitude and security were constructed at Worle Hill, Maes-Knoll, and Sulis- bury, for less important purposes ; but, the precise site of Bath, whether unsuited for a military post, whether its being, as it certainly was, outside the Wansdyke, or, possibly, because the virtues of its thermal springs were then known and appreciated, obtained for itself a happy neutrality.
These pillars were four feet and a half high, and set about fourteen inches asunder, composing a hypocaust, or vault, for the purpose of retaining heat sufficient for the rooms above. The result more than equalled his expec- tations ; for, upon the first washing and cleaning away the mud, with which the animals were coated, he found, to his delight and astonishment, that they all shed their hoary, leprous, scales at the same time. Yielding a reluctant assent, the king desired his son, his only son, to seek an asylum far from his court and his country, and leave the issue of events to providence.
Less deep, and less sluggish than at pres- ent, the Avon appears to have been fordable near to the site of “the Monk’s Mill,” and at the Old Bridge. If the legend of Blaedud be true, then, as the shepherd-prince had visited Greece, he had most probably heard of the hot springs of Thermopylce, and also of the Grecian Min- erva. With such a moiety of poli- tical power, a transition from servitude to freedom, Bath continued until the reign of Cceur de Lion, who granted to the city its first charter, accom- panied by all the privileges and immunities of a free creex.
CREX-2A CROMPTON BATHROOM LIGHT
Wini- fred’s beautiful Tudor-temple at Holywell, mastet Wales. The date of the existing ring was perfectly distinguishable before it was re- cut.
When a terrier was made in the yearfor the purpose of enrolling solvent subjects, Bath returned burgesses of different degrees of respectability, and contained probably about inhabitants.
Driving his herd to a place convenient for feeding by day, and for securing them at night, he there made separate crues for the pigs to lie in, reasona- bly concluding, that by keeping them clean, and separated, the disease would be more speedily con- quered. He built Caer-leon, Caer-gwen, and a third city, subsequently named Mount Pal- ladur. So able a magistrate must assuredly have been an accomplished manager of civil and eccle- siastical affairs, and, in both he proceeded with activity and genius.
crex bathroom master series August 30, – gaxoqy
He was a disciple and colleague to that celebrated philosopher, and amongst the Grecians he bore the name of Aithrobates ana Abaris ; names implying the exalted idea which that learned race of people had of his great abilities. Camden, Leland, Selden, and their numer- ous followers, did not discredit Geoffry’s legend. These untoward circumstances left the city an easy prey to the Earl of Bedford, and there the parliamentary army found rest and refreshment until the day of the battle of Lansdown, the 5th of January, The former had the control of all those in Italy and Gaul, and the Carlsbad and Toplitz waters have for ages, been visited and valued in Germany ; and, it is for this precise reason, familiarity with waters of similar character at home, that the Saxons did not improve, enclose, or deco- rate the baths in England with any extraordinary care.
Providence it has been said, seems to grant equi- valents in the mental and material worlds, and, when the Britons lost the regular system of polity, insti- tuted by their Koman Masters, and saw the tem- ples erected to gods and heroes, neglected and decaying, they found ample recompence in the intro- duction of a religion that inscribed on their altars, ” to the True God. Before his time the corporation held their councils, and transacted municipal business in a hall erected from the designs of Jnigo Jones, which were somewhat eccentric, and aspired to a union of the Grecian and Gothic styles.
The breach of peace with France, however, terminated Mr. Whatever value the preceding analysis may possess, it is not solitary in its aspiration for the discovery of truth, and cultivation of pure taste in letters.
Four of these tourelles were pierced by gateways, nearly corresponding with the cardinal points, so that, the streets which led mastdr them, intersected in a central part of the city. This bold adventurer, possibly, disgusted with the cruelty and injustice of his Imperial masters, and counting too securely on his popularity amongst the enslaved Britons, sought refuge and amster amidst them.
The reader, however, is referred to the many works of learned antiquaries, for the interpretation of these aeries types sublime. The palace of the Duumviri, or local magistrates, the granaries, and prison, appear to have been on the opposite side of the city, and of these, as well as of sumptuous private buildings, remains have been occasionally found, each bearing testimony to the taste, and high degree of refinement then pre- vailing amongst the Romans and Romano-British people of Bath.
At the entrance from the King’s to the Queen’s Bath, is placed a massive brazen ring, with the fol- lowing inscription: The example of Queen Elizabeth produced salu- tary effects, for, year after year, Bath grew in im- portance, and the fame of its waters was so com- pletely established that the noble and the affluent, in large numbers, resided here at the appropriate seasons.
Leaving the city, the line of road crossed the river near the Old Bridge, ascended Beechen- Cliff, up the Holloway a Saxon nameand, reach- ing the downs, emerged in the now accustomed road to Ilchester. The Bathonian history is veiled in darkness during the first half of the third century, but, there is an enduring evidence that Divine honours were then paid here to Koman emperors.
Cuthberts, in the Mendip hills, in the year Sool, or Sul, therefore, would appear to have been a Scandinavian deity, whose worship was transplanted into Britain by the Belgee, and established amongst the Britons in the valley of the Avon, when the Roman legions con- structed stations there.
In this action, Sir Arthur Hazelrig’s regiment of Lobster’s, afforded the first instance of bringing Cuirassiers into the field. He most assuredly remembered the site of Turin, where the vista of each public avenue appears almost terminated and overhung by a lofty hill ; and the general resemblance of Bath to Berlin, induces a belief that the beauties of that graceful capital were not unknown to the English architect.
Lawrence, to collect offerings of superstition from the passen- gers. From this fountain gush up a hogshead and a half of water each minute, supplying the Eoyal Private Baths, the Hot Bath, the Mineral Water Hospital, the pump in Hot-Bath Street, for the use of the poor, and Hetling Pump Koom, on the opposite side of the street. In by-gone days, in feudal ages, the site of Bath was indefensible, but, in the civilised ages of warfare, when destruction may be accomplished at the distance of miles, the overthrow of Bath, from the surrounding heights, would be but a momentary incident.
That iron does evaporate from these waters under the common pressure of the atmosphere, has been proved by the Wilkinsonian experiment. This degree of heat, so nearly that of the human body, is a decided advantage ; besides, the maintenance of that equa- bility, by continuous influx and efflux, renders this bain chaud preferable to the single private baths, which are supplied, once for all, at a given degree of heat.
From this fugacious combination of iron it follows, that, to be beneficial, the waters must be drank immediately from the fountain, for, the iron is rap- LofC. But, statistics, exclusively, are not in many cases, rather in very few, to be relied on as conclusive. Taught, possibly, the art of war, by their Boman oppressors, the latter resisted their new enemy, with a courage of which history does not record a nobler example ; and the war ” was carried on,” observes Bede, ” with greater violence, and attended with more horror and atrocities, than any which had occurred since the first peopling of Britain.
If a piece of linen be steeped in a tincture of galls, and immediately suspended over the spring, in a short time it will become tanned. On the north side are Seriss Cartwright’s pane- gyrics on military virtue, with a supplementary Stanza, by Martin Llewellyn, verses in praise of the honourable house and lineage of Grenville.
Such credulity is fully testi- fied by the litters of the impotent, and crutches of the lame, still dependent from the roof of St. This sense of gratitude, or refinement of superstition, assumed, in most in- stances, the form of a ponderous brazen Ring, in- scribed with the name of the donor, and fixed secure- ly in the walls of each bath, to aid future sufferers in their promenades.
The style is masterly, and proclaims an early date in British-Boman architecture. And, again an och- locracy occur- red, of which the Picts and Scots took bayhroom vantage, to plunder and enslave the abandoned and defenceless Britons.